The Millennium Development Goal

While volunteering with ICS Tearfund in South Africa, I have been fascinated to find out more about the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s).

MDG’s are eight international goals for a fairer world and to focus on development activities, which have been created by the United Nations in 2000:

1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
– Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day
– Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
-Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

2. Achieve universal primary education
– Ensure that children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.

3. Promote gender equality and empower women
– Eliminate gender disparity in all levels of education

4. Reduce child mortality
– reduce by two-thirds the under-five mortality rate

5. Improve maternal health
– Reduce by three-quarters the maternal mortality ratio
– Achieve universal access to reproductive health

6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
– Have halted and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major diseases
– Achieve universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

7. Ensure environmental sustainability
– Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
– Reduce biodiversity loss by a significant reduction in the rate of loss
– Halve the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
– Achieve a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers

8. Global partnership for development
– Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
– Address the special needs of least developed countries
– Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
– Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
– In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
– In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

The aim of them is to be achieved by 2015 but have found that many of these targets have been achieved and the UN now launch Post-2015 development process.

What do I think the purpose of MDG’s?

The purpose of the MDG’s is to have a clear global framework for collective action to reduce poverty and improve the lives of poor people. By having only eight goals, it focuses the goals which all have time bound measurable targets. These goals are specific so concerted global, regional, national and local efforts can make improvement to millions of lives around the globe. Knowledge of the MDG’s can make more people aware of the global needs as well as specific areas that need to be improved in both developed and developing countries. Even though it will take years (if ever?) for there to be no poverty, it is a step in the right direction to tackle these worldly problems and injustice.

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